The lack of awareness regarding sun safety has put people at risk for overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. And that’s a risk factor for developing skin cancer. Did you know that more than 3.5 million skin cancers are diagnosed every year in over 2 million people in the United States alone? And that every hour one person dies of skin cancer? Also the sun is responsible for 90% of premature skin aging: i.e., wrinkles, age spots.
What Makes You Tan?
The UVA and UVB rays produce reactions in all skin layers by penetrating the skin. To defend itself, the skin produces more melanin, which gives the skin a darker appearance. So, to achieve a safe sun-based tan, follow these five tips and enjoy a healthy summer glow.
1. Exfoliate for the best possible tan
Exfoliation the skin to remove the dead cells from the uppermost layer. You will tan more easily.
2. Wear sunscreen
Yes, you can and will still tan with sunscreen. The higher the SPF numbers, the better protection against ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. To also protect you from the UVA rays, you need a sun screen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays (at least SPF 15 or more) The lighter the skin, the higher the SPF you need. But be aware that a dark skin can get sun burnt! Ensure that you cover your entire body and don’t forget a sun block for your lips! Apply the sunscreen at least 15 to 30 minutes before you go in the sun. Don’t forget to reapply after one or two hours and after swimming. Wear sunscreen even on cloudy days.
3. No overexposure to the sun
Try and limit sun exposure to half an hour to an hour. Avoid the “dangerous” hours from 11am to 4pm during sunny summer days when UV strength is the greatest. Gradually, build up the time you spend in the sun. It is NOT good to get sun burnt, and it is certainly NOT a good base for a tan.
4. Wear sunglasses
Only use sunglasses that are labeled “UV absorption up to 400nm” or “Meets ANSI UV Requirements.” This means the glasses block at least 99% of UV rays.
5. Use a hat… and more
Use a large hat or a sun cap to protect your ears, eyes, forehead, and nose. Make sure you use something to protect your neck as well. You can also use sun-protection clothing.
Why is sun bathing good for us?
1. It improves our mood. 2. Sunlight helps our body to produce vitamin D. 3. Relieves rheumatic conditions.
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